Month: July 2019

3 Tips for Creating Effective Logistics Strategies

Understanding the importance of a good logistics strategy is one thing; putting plans into action is another. To assist in the creation of strategies, here are three ways some manufacturers strengthen their logistics organizations and improve services. Three strategies for creating effective logistics strategies such as:


One way to create an effective logistics strategy is to always connect with suppliers, partners and companies. Digital transformation enables manufacturers to design logistical strategies that connect them with suppliers, partners and companies wherever they are. Whether in cities or around the world. And it makes a difference in several ways:


Forming closer relationships with suppliers and partners helps in the planning process, increasing sourcing, managing supplier risks. And increasing cooperation to support long-term plans for company growth, innovation, and sustainability.


Producers no longer only react to logistical disruptions – they can anticipate them, create network models. Make scenarios of what will happen and make adjustments as conditions change.


With direct access to data, producers get a clear understanding of how well they handle operations. With metrics related to speed, inventory, and finance.

Smart Factory

One way to create effective logistics strategies is to implement smart manufacturing. Smart manufacturing is about using real-time data. And technology anytime and anywhere that people and machines need the most – and in the forms they need. The technology that makes waves in logistics is smart sensors.

Equipped with GPS, smart sensors will track the location of assets, vehicles, inventory, and even workers. Manufacturers now use smart sensor data to see at what point delivery locations, fleet trucking locations, and much more. Data also helps predict and confirm when assets arrive and when they leave warehouses, distribution centers, and retail stores.

Notification that an asset is not in its place should also alert producers to potential problems. Or even theft in the supply chain. This can facilitate the company

Lean Manufacturing

One way to create an effective logistics strategy is to use lean manufacturing. Lean manufacturing is not only profitable because it streamlines production operations. But it is also profitable because it streamlines warehouse and fleet operations. Considering the cost of the product is largely dependent on the factor of transportation and storage costs in the warehouse. If we can make efficiency of these factors, the company’s profits will be increased. For example, a common problem that often occurs in operational processes is the length of time required for shipping goods. The lean manufacturing method will ensure that the storage system of goods in the warehouse becomes easier to track goods. Speed up shipping and build better communication between warehouse employees.

Outside the warehouse, lean manufacturing may involve finding more efficient routes for the factory fleet. Tracking unscheduled stops or rounds from drivers, or simplifying the flow of traffic in and out of company facilities.

The logistics strategy that is successfully implemented becomes very important for companies. That is dedicated to maintaining service levels at the highest level despite changes in the supply chain. Remember, the ultimate goal of any logistics strategy is to deliver the right product to customers. With the right quality, at the right price, at the right time. In the right place by spending as little money as possible.

By reviewing logistics organizations, and creating or reconfiguring logistical strategies. Companies will be able to better meet the demands of customers and end-users of products that are always changing.




5 Restaurants in Aircraft that Offer Unique Sensations

In-flight restaurants are often chosen by culinary entrepreneurs to offer unique food. There you like to eat on a real plane.

As a business supporter. It is important to have unique. And interesting concept in restaurant outlets to be established. The unique and interesting concept will be the main attraction for prospective visitors. Establishing a restaurant on the plane seems to be a creative choice.

Yes, this restaurant is really owned by a fuselage. That is no longer in use. To make the atmosphere like on a real plane. Waiters at this restaurant look like flight attendants and stewards.

It will be more interesting if you provide unique spots to take pictures. For example, such as the cockpit, the pilot piloted the aircraft. Restaurants on this plane are not only abroad. But also in Indonesia, such as Jakarta, Yogyakarta to Palembang.

Here are 5 unique in-flight restaurants to visit.

1. Plane in the City

Plane In The City is one of the restaurants on the plane that had been viral some time ago. This restaurant actually occupies the Boeing 737 aircraft type building. Reported from Insider (30/04/18) the restaurant on this plane is parked in the heart of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Plane In The City was opened since April 25, 2018. This unique restaurant operates every day. So it can be your culinary destination. There, visitors will be served three luxurious dinner dishes. The dishes are divided into three categories. Namely Economy, Business, and First Class classes.

Offering a unique dining sensation. Of course, the price offered for dining here is fairly high. Which ranges from Rp. 706 thousand to Rp. 3.5 million. In addition, each service also varies for each category.

Well, this restaurant also offers several photo spots. Such as the cockpit, cabin, and aircraft wing area. To take a picture there visitors are given time for 1.5 hours. Meanwhile, in one session the number of visitors was also limited. Namely only as many as 20 people.

2. Taman Santap Rumah Kayu

Restaurants in this one plane must be familiar. Known as Taman Santap Rumah Kayu which is located in the Ancol area, North Jakarta. Because it offers a different dining sensation. This restaurant is very popular with foodies.

The Taman Santap Rumah Kayu restaurant occupies Sriwijaya Air’s 737-400 aircraft type building. The plane was later transformed into a restaurant with many tables and chairs. Uniquely, the waiter there was also in uniform like a real flight attendant.

3. Jogja Airport Resto

In Yogyakarta, Central Java there are also restaurants on board. The restaurant is called Jogja Airport Resto. Located in Sleman Regency. This unique restaurant offers the sensation of eating at the airport and the plane. The waiter in this restaurant is also unique.

Before entering the aircraft cabin, you must pass through the lobby to make food orders. Well, this service is similar to when someone checks in for a plane ticket. After that, when you have entered the cabin. You will be greeted by a waiter.

Waiters there also wear uniforms. Such as flight attendants and flight attendants. Concerning the food. This unique restaurant also has a lot of menu choices. Such as Kampung Packages, Ndeso Packages, and Malay Packages. The food package can be eaten for four people.

4. B777 Sky Kitchen

B777 Sky Kitchen is an in-flight restaurant that can be found in Palembang. Precisely in Palembang Square. Offering the sensation of eating on the plane. Of course, the waiter in this restaurant also wears a uniform. Uniform like a flight attendant.

The food menu offered at this restaurant is also very diverse. Ranging from traditional menus to international menus. The restaurant is increasingly attractive. Because it offers a relatively cheap price. Which is around Rp 30 thousand to Rp 50 thousand.

5. McDonald’s

There are also famous fast-food restaurants that have outlets occupying aircraft buildings. The restaurant is McDonald’s in New Zealand. Precisely in Taupo. Quoting from Insider (27/5), the aircraft used are Douglas DC-3 type jets.

The in-flight restaurant can accommodate as many as 20 people. Inside has been arranged 10 pairs of chairs and tables for the visitor’s area. The arrangement is similar to the seats on the plane. The sensation of eating like this is offered at this unique restaurant.

Moreover, the cockpit on the plane is also not removed. And left in the restaurant. Unlike the other McDonald’s outlets. This one got an award as the Coolest McD outlet in 2013. It turns out that this unique restaurant is owned by a married couple Eileen Byrne and Des.

Understanding the Importance of Logistics Management

The concept of Logistics Management consists of the process of planning. Implementing and controlling the efficient flow of raw materials. Processed goods and finished goods and related information – from the point of origin to the point of consumption. With the aim of providing satisfaction to customers.

Speaking of logistics is not far from the name of the inventory. In the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), logistics means the procurement, maintenance, distribution, the supply of equipment, supplies, and employment.

The word logistics itself can be interpreted as procurement. Then logistics also has a close relationship with inventory management. Inventory management is an activity to maintain the amount of inventory.

Many people assume that Logistics is the same as the Warehouse. In fact, basically Logistics and warehouses are two different things. The warehouse is a place to store goods and is one form of logistics activities, while logistics means a broader process. Not just warehousing but also involves the acquisition of goods, handling, controlling, and shipping.

Information technology is one of the most important parts of Logistics Management. The development of Information and Technology today. Allows a company to find the product they want anytime and anywhere in the world.

Understanding Logistics Management

Logistics Management is one of the important components. Supply Chain Management which is used to meet customer demand through planning. Implementing, controlling the efficiency, and effectiveness of flow. Storage of goods, service services, and related information from the starting point to the destination point. Logistics Management can help companies reduce costs and improve service to customers (customers).

The Purpose of Logistics Management

Logistics Management Objectives can be divided into two, namely General Purpose and Special Purpose. The following explanation:

1. General Purpose

The general objectives of Logistics Management consist of Operational Objectives and Financial Objectives. Operational Objectives are intended so that the available inventory of goods has accuracy in quantity. And quality standards in accordance with quality management standards. While financial goals emphasize more on the efficiency of costs incurred.

2. Special Purpose

In essence, the Special Purpose of Logistics Management focuses more on achieving organizational goals effectively and efficiently.

Logistics Management which involves processing orders, warehousing, handling raw materials/products, packaging, and shipping methods is also a sector. That is growing very rapidly in the business world. Without the support of good Logistics Management. The company’s Production and Marketing activities will be very difficult to carry out.

Benefits of Logistics Management

In addition to having a goal, the Management system in Logistics also provides benefits, especially for companies. The benefits of having Logistics Management are as follows:

  • The company can carry out operational management activities properly
  • Companies can focus more on other fields of management because the needs of goods are available
  • Provide special facilities for storage and transportation facilities for the distribution of goods
  • Provide good service to customers and stakeholders (suppliers)
  • Maintain the availability of goods
  • Make it easy to get suppliers with good quality goods.
  • Make special delivery services
  • Anticipate problems that might occur quickly, precisely, and accurately
  • Providing information is more organized and runs smoothly
  • Build consumer confidence and foster customer loyalty to the company.

Logistics Management Activities

A well-implemented logistics management will help companies reduce costs and improve customer service. So that the company becomes more productive and increases company profits.

Logistics Management activities include:

1. Planning

The purpose of logistics planning means the process of one activity to think, examine. Calculate and formulate actions to be taken in the future relating to operational activities in managing logistics. The use of logistics, as well as organizing, and controlling logistics.

2. Organizing

Namely, the activities are undertaken to design and formulate formal structures as an effort to manage logistics. By carrying out activities of grouping, organizing. And distributing activities or tasks as well as the authority to each work unit or member of the organization.

3. Supervision

Supervision means an effort to maintain the implementation of every action. And activity in logistics management in accordance with a predetermined plan both related to the use of logistics. The process in progress, and the results and outputs of the logistics management which are forms of supervision.

4. Procurement

Have the intention of all activities to provide logistics in accordance with the needs both related to the type. And specifications of the amount of time and place with prices and sources that can be accounted for

5. Recording/Inventory

Inventory is an activity of providing data or all logistics owned, controlled, and managed by a company. Both for the results of its own manufacturing business, the purchase of gifts or grants.

6. Storage (storage)

This means that administrative and operational logistical management activity is related to the formulation. And the implementation of administrative work arrangements and the arrangement of goods in storage (warehouses).

7. Distribution

Distribution here means logistics management activities related to the distribution. And delivery of logistics to units that need it in accordance with a predetermined work system.

8. Maintenance

What is meant by maintenance here is an activity in the framework of managing logistics related to efforts. To maintain the technical condition of the usability. And results of logistics as well as to ensure the period of time. The use of goods reaches an optimal deadline.

9. Deletion

The intention is an activity to free logistics from liability that applies both physically. And administratively because the function of the logistics has been deemed ineffective or has no use-value.

Logistics Management System

The more complex the network in the supply chain (production location, warehousing, and consumer distance). The more dynamic the consumer demand, and the increasing competition. The company is required to make important decisions in a quick time and must consider all parties in the company.

Good decisions must be supported by reliable infrastructure and information. The point is that there is valid data available on time. As well as infrastructure that ensures information security from viruses and unauthorized interference from parties.

An information system is a system that functions to process data into information. Its function is to summarize data as input, the process by doing calculations, combining data elements. Up-dating and others, and obtaining information as output.

Information system elements include:

  1. Transaction processing information system
  2. Information system for managers
  3. Intelligence information system
  4. Decision support system

Logistics Management Information System is an information system that is integrated between humans and computers. Functions in inventory management in order to provide information for analysis, planning, operations, and control. In supporting management decision making in an organization.

RedERP, like an ERP system, makes it easy to manage business operations automatically and in an integrated way, from accounting. Procurement, inventory, and distribution systems to customers and sales management.

Some Tips for Breaking the Fasting when Traveling by Car

Breaking fast during a trip can be due to several reasons, such as traveling for long distances. Can also pass a jam so that it escapes iftar cannot reach the house.

Daily activities like work must be done while fasting. By doing activities can make fasting not feel heavy. Some were even shocked because they were so enthusiastic about doing their jobs that they suddenly broke their fast.

Everyone wants to break their fast together with their beloved family at home or other places such as restaurants. But sometimes it is not fulfilled. With so breaking the fast when traveling by car can not be avoided.

This does not make sad, because breaking the fast on the way can also be delicious. Here are some tips on breaking the fast compilation on the way that can be used as additional information for readers.

1. Prepare Food and Drinks

By preparing everything, the trip becomes fun, and breaking the fast becomes more enjoyable. You can estimate your travel time before moving into a car to travel. Such as returning home from the office, when it is estimated to be stuck in traffic. Then it can buy provisions in advance near the office to keep watch while traveling.

In addition, you can also choose snacks such as bread or biscuits and drinks to cancel the fast. That way when you get home you can eat accompanied by your beloved family. But if it turns out that the estimates were made wrong and the trip was stuck without traffic. Then you should stop for a moment to buy food or drinks temporarily. To break the fast if it’s time to break the fast.

Especially nowadays everything is modern. You can order go-food to drive it where you are stuck in traffic. Besides choosing fast food is also not a problem. It is recommended to avoid foods that are coconut milk or fried foods. Because they can be susceptible to an empty stomach after a day of fasting.

2. Breaking with the Sweet One

The choice of drinks to break the fast during a trip can restore lost energy during fasting. It is advisable to avoid cold drinks on an empty stomach. You can also choose sweet drinks that are not cold.

3. Breaking in the Vehicle

For private car users, there is no harm in preparing food and drinks to break their fast on the way. Like for example when stuck in traffic. Then you do not have to get out of the car to buy at the stall.

To break the fast on the trip you should stop the car first. And make sure it is in a safe and comfortable condition. Do not let when you break the fast in the Car. By blocking other motorists who want to pass. You can also look for stops such as mosques. Or rest areas, gas stations, and others that are sure to be safe and comfortable.

You also do not need to be confused when wanting to break the fast at home but stuck in traffic. And you can break the fast with snacks or drinks, then continue the journey. So that the appetite will not disappear after arriving home.

Food Trucks, Make Profits from a Walking Restaurant

The food truck business is the choice of most entrepreneurs today. This method is one of the interesting innovations to sell other than selling carts. Currently, it is booming selling by using this truck. Besides being practical it can move places of sale. With this concept, it is quite interesting. So that quite a lot of fans because of its uniqueness.

The phenomenon of restaurant walking aka food trucks lately is indeed being widely discussed. Especially among young people millennial. The trend of peddling various kinds of culinary in this car began to be loved by the public since 2013. Especially in the regions of big cities in Indonesia. But over time business with the concept of a walking restaurant has recently begun to mushroom in the corners of the city.

Following the development of big cities in the world. It turns out that food truck business opportunities in Indonesia are no less promising. The reason is, almost every day in the corner of the city crowd. Already lined up cars that open stalls food trucks various food and beverage menus.

By using a traveling car, you do not need to pay to rent a place. So it is not surprising that at this time many culinary businesses choose this strategy, to run their business.

Food Truck Business Analysis

  • Business Info

Most food truck businesses do not only juggle their cars. As business stalls but also as kitchens to process the menus that are served. Food trucks generally sell fast food, snacks, and various types of beverage businesses.

Suppose the business that you run is culinary. What you need to do before running it is to modify the car that you will use for culinary business. Then you need to prepare all the equipment related to food and drinks. From spoons to tables and chairs that are easily folded or easily put in your car. Try to choose equipment that is practical to carry. So that your car is enough to accommodate all the needs needed by the business.

  • Target Market

It could be said that culinary businesses like food trucks are popular with everyone. Because everyone needs food. You can also determine your customers according to the whereabouts of your car. For example, in the campus environment, schools, centers such as markets, and entertainment venues.

So you can reach consumers from various walks of life. Another reason that makes this food truck business idea an interesting business idea to try. Is that with the ball pick-up system it will be certain that the target market is wider. And more because customers come from various places.

Business benefits There are various advantages to choosing a food or beverage business with this food truck. If you don’t want to rent a place to run your business. Then a business with a mobile car can be used as an alternative choice. Delicious again, the place you want you can specify as you wish.

In other words, for example, if your sales in place A are not so in demand. Then you can move your food truck stall to the destination to place B which is more crowded. And so on.

  • Business Constraints

The obstacle in running this business is whether or not the type of culinary you sell to customers. So try to make a delicious and interesting food menu. And in accordance with the concept that you carry on a food truck.

Other obstacles besides the problem, if the rainy season comes, it slightly hinders work. Because if the car is opened, then water will enter. And consumers are also uncomfortable when eating outdoors in the rain.

  • Marketing Strategy

Modify your car as attractive as possible, so consumers are interested in visiting your business. In addition, also install tires around the car. So that people who accidentally pass by the location know the existence of your business.

Also, offer a unique menu at an affordable price. You can mimic the concept of food trucks abroad which began to introduce the drive-thru concept. So vehicles that pass through your food truck. Can order food without having to wait long.

  • The Key to Success

While the key to the success of this business lies in the comfort, cleanliness, and taste of your cuisine. Pay attention to the appearance of your car. So consumers feel comfortable when eating at your place. Also, provide a few folding tables and chairs as a place for consumers to enjoy your snacks.

Second, keep food, equipment, and the environment around the business location clean. Choose an environment that is far from trash or sewers. To maintain the taste of the cuisine, select a chef who is truly qualified. If necessary to use a strict selection when recruiting employees.

The Strategy of Running a Food Truck Business

To load your food truck business looks more attractive compared to competitors. So what you have to do is to provide a unique strategy of course.

  • Modification of Food Trucks

Modify your food truck to be more interesting and unique. This aims to make your truck easy to remember and stand out from the rest. Making food trucks more attractive is also intended as a promotional media.

  • Attractive Menu

Provide a unique and certainly interesting food menu. An interesting new food menu will certainly make many customers curious. For that, try food service that has not been much occupied.

  • Interesting Concepts

The concept is also interesting. Furthermore, the present attractive packaging to support the appearance and also as a way of promotion. Create food or beverage packaging that you offer to make it look more attractive. And in accordance with the concept of the food truck, you are carrying. To help improve the packaging of food or drinks in We help design the concept according to your wishes.

  • Active on Social Media

Being active on social media is one way to update information about your business. Businesses with the concept of food trucks will certainly move from place to place. So try to always be active on social media. So that customers do not miss the information where you hang out. The menus that are served and promos that are in effect.

  • Positive Reviews

Positive online reviews are urgently needed for culinary entrepreneurs. This is one thing that needs to be considered because the public is now more confident with the reviews. Or testimonials about funding a business. So try to provide the best service to maintain the image of your business.

  • Promos and Discounts

Hold promos and discounts. Being a moment that is highly anticipated by the public if there is a promo discount. So to attract customers there’s nothing wrong. If you hold a discount or promo on a certain day.

  • Creativity and Innovation

Continue to be creative and play with innovation. Never stop to keep learning and innovating to make the appearance. And a presentation of menus more attractive so that customers are not bored.

  • Food Samples

Finally provide food samples in your food truck. To make customers trust the taste of the food you offer, there is no harm in providing food samples.

That’s enough of the description of the strategy of running this food truck business. Hopefully, it can help provide information that you can make a reference.

Definition and Logistics Activities

Understanding Logistics

Logistics is the art and science that regulates and controls the flow of goods, energy, information, and other resources. Such as products, services, and people. From sources of production to markets with the aim of optimizing the use of capital (Gunawan, 2014: 7). Manufacturing and marketing will be difficult without logistical support. Logistics also covers the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, reverse logistics, and packaging.

According to Christoper in his book “Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM)”. Logistics has a role in regulating the relationships that occur both in the process of production operations in the company. Or when the results of production are delivered to consumers. Where in the process the company must be able to maintain good relations. Between suppliers/suppliers as well as consumers. So that products can be delivered to consumers to have more value, of course by pressing the lowest possible cost. In addition to material benefits, by maintaining good relations with suppliers or consumers, the company will have other advantages. Namely: the company will get loyalty from suppliers and consumers. Where it will be able to facilitate the company to continue to grow.

While other definitions of logistics conveyed by Bloomberg in his book “Logistics Supply Chain Management”. Logistics is the process of planning, organizing, and controlling the flow of material. And services from suppliers to the last user/consumer. This integrated approach combines suppliers, inventory management. And integrated logistics and control of operations.

Logistics Activities

The following are activities that are included in logistical activities (Gunawan, 2014: 13).

a. Customer Service

Customer service is a process that takes place between buyers, sellers, and third parties. That generates added value for the exchange of products or services in the short term. Such as single or long-term transactions such as relationships based on contracts. This added value is also divided into each group of transactions or contracts. Which are better at the completion of the transaction than before the transaction. Thus, customer service is the process of providing important value-added benefits to the supply chain effectively.

b. Demand Forecasting (Demand Forecasting)

The demand forecast determines how much of each item produced by the company must be transported to various markets. Logistics management must also know where the demand came from. So that it can place and store the right amount of products in each market area. Accurate estimates of future requests allow logistics managers to provide resources (budget) for the activities. That will serve these requests.

c. Inventory Management

Inventory control activities (inventory control activity) are critical. Because it requires financial maintenance of sufficient inventory to meet customer needs with production needs. Raw materials and components, WIP (work in process). And the inventory of finished goods, all of them take up physical space, work time, and capital. The money invested in inventory in the company is:

  • Enables the company to achieve economies of scale.
  • Balance supply with demand.
  • Allows specialization of production.
  • Protect demand uncertainty and order cycles.
  • Act as a buffer/buffer between interfaces that are critical in the supply chain (supply chain). Buffers in the supply chain (supply chain).

d. Logistics Communications

Communication is a vital network between the entire logistics process and the company’s customers. Accurate communication at the right time is the basis of successful logistics management.

e. Material Handling

Material handling deals with every aspect of movement or flow of raw materials. Semi-finished goods, and finished goods in factories or warehouses.

The purpose of material handling is:

  1. Simplify and remove any handling systems that are possible.
  2. Minimize mileage.
  3. Minimize semi-finished goods
  4. Provides a simultaneous flow free of bottlenecks.
  5. Minimize losses due to disposal, damage, and theft.

The company incurs expenses when handling goods. If based on handling does not provide value for a product, it should be made to a minimum.

f. Order Processing (Order Processing)

The components of the order process (order processing) are divided into:

  • Operational elements (operational elements). Includes order entry or order changes, scheduling, preparation of shipping orders, and invoicing.
  • Communication elements. Includes order modifications, order status investigations, tracing, error correction, and product information requests.
  • Credit and collection elements (Credit and Collection Elements). Includes credit checks and processes and receipt or collection of accounts.

g. Packaging

Packaging has a dual role:

Protect the product from damage when it is stored or transported.
Proper packaging can make it easier to store and move products, thereby reducing material handling costs.

The specific functions of packaging containment, protection, division (apportionment), unitization, convenience, communication.

h. Components and service support (Parts and Service Support)

One of the company’s marketing activities is in providing post-sales services to customers. Such as providing replacement parts when the product is damaged or not functioning properly. This is very important for service activities and the logistics department is responsible for it. Ensuring that these parts are available when and where customers need them.

i. Site Location Selection and Plant/Warehouse Site Selection

Warehousing is an integral part of all logistics systems. That plays an important role in serving customers with a minimum total cost. Also a primary network between producers and customers. Which is used to store inventory during all parts of the logistics process.

j. Procurement/Purchasing

The purpose of purchasing:

  • Providing a continuous flow of materials, supplies, and services needed to run the organization.
  • Minimize inventory investment and losses
  • Maintain and improve quality
  • Finding or developing supplier capabilities
  • Standardize, where the possibility of goods purchased
  • Purchase the required goods and services at the lowest total cost level
  • Develop a competitive organizational position
  • Achieve harmony, productive work relationships with other functional areas in the organization
  • Perfecting purchase goals and possibly the lowest level of administrative costs.

k. Reverse Logistics

The handling of return goods in the form of salvage and scrap disposal. Is part of a process that is closely related to reverse logistics. And is a logistics component that requires more attention.

Returned items can be due to product damage, expiry, shipping errors, trade-ins, and other reasons. Reverse logistics costs tend to be higher than forwarding logistics costs.

l. Transportation

The transportation function is related to the outside and inside the logistics department. With finance (freight bills), engineering (ordering transportation equipment), inventory management (raw materials, finished warehouse components). Law (warehouse contracts and transportation equipment), production (on-time delivery), purchasing (supplier selection). Marketing/sales (customer service standards) receiving (claims, documentation), and warehousing (equipment supply, scheduling).

m. Warehousing & Storage

Products must be stored in a factory or somewhere before they are sold. The longer the time between production and consumption, the greater the level or amount of inventory needed.

Warehousing and storage activities include decisions on whether storage facilities should be self-owned, contracted, or leased. Planning and designing storage facilities, consideration of combined products, safety and maintenance procedures, training in productivity measurement personnel.

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